Flowcare Clinic is an acclaimed Intervention Pain Management centre near you, treating all chronic pain conditions through non-surgical interventional pain procedures with a multidisciplinary approach.
Sat:9AM – 7 PM
+91 9001908900
Book an Appointment +91 900-190-8900
Title Image

Fatty Liver

Home  /  Fatty Liver


Liver disease is a common problem that is responsible for so many bodily processes in the liver. Fatty liver disease is a common health problem that has recently received a lot of attention. As it affects so many individuals all around the globe, this illness is increasingly worrying doctors and others who care about public health.

1: What is Fatty Liver?

Excess fat builds up in liver cells, a condition known as fatty liver disease. This disorder hinders the liver’s ability to function normally, which can lead to a variety of other medical issues. The two most common forms are those caused by alcohol use and those caused by poor diet. The newly formed acronym MAFLD (Metabolic dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease) includes a wider spectrum of components to reflect the complex link between metabolic variables and liver health. However, chronic alcohol abuse leads directly to alcoholic fatty liver disease.

2: Causes and Risk Factors:

– Obesity

The obesity pandemic lies at the heart of the development of fatty liver. Adipose tissue and obesity set off a cascade of metabolic abnormalities that upset the liver’s delicate balance. When adipose tissue breaks down, it releases a flood of fatty acids that the liver isn’t equipped to handle. Fatty liver develops when hepatocytes become overloaded with fat due to an excess of lipids.

– Unhealthy Diet

It becomes clear that dietary choices, which are usually affected by contemporary lifestyles, are major factors in the development of fatty liver. These diets, which are high in refined carbs, saturated fats, and trans fats, trigger an onslaught of metabolic problems. The liver, which is responsible for digesting and metabolising food, is constantly being assaulted by toxins. Fat builds in liver cells as the organ strains to digest dietary offenders, reducing its ability to do its job.

– Insulin Resistance

Fatty liver is linked to insulin resistance, a hallmark of disorders like type 2 diabetes. Elevated blood sugar levels occur when the delicate dance between insulin and glucose control breaks down. When this happens, the liver stresses its metabolic machinery even more by pumping out more glucose into the bloodstream. The issue is made worse since this procedure aids in the buildup of fat inside hepatocytes.

– Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Those who drink to excess have livers that have to deal with the poison. Alcohol is metabolised in the liver, where it produces harmful byproducts that hinder liver function. Fat accumulation occurs when the liver works harder to process the alcohol than it does other vital activities. A specific kind of fatty liver disease, Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, develops as a direct consequence of alcohol abuse.

3: Symptoms and Warning Signs:

– Fatigue

Fatigue is a common fatty liver symptom and is never pleasant. Decreased liver function is associated with impaired energy generation and impaired detoxification, both of which may contribute to chronic weariness and malaise.

– Abdominal Discomfort

Abdominal pain of a mild kind is possible, and it most often takes the form of an undefined fullness or heaviness. Abdominal congestion or pain may arise when the liver’s capacity to process fats decreases, leading to an uncomfortable condition.

– Weight Loss

The inefficiency of nutrition metabolism in the liver may lead to sudden and unexplained weight loss. Deterioration in liver function may upset the body’s metabolic balance, which can lead to sudden and unexplained weight changes.

– Jaundice

Jaundice is an external sign of fatty liver and occurs in certain cases. The skin and eyes become yellow due to a buildup of bilirubin, a waste product normally processed and excreted by the liver.

4: Diagnosis of Fatty Liver:

– Blood Tests

Valued signs include blood tests that demonstrate high liver enzymes and other biomarkers of liver dysfunction. These indicators are very useful for assessing liver health and directing future research.

– Liver Function Tests

Examining the liver’s capacity to digest nutrients, cleanse the body, and generate essential proteins is the focus of liver function tests. Abnormalities from the norm may indicate liver disease.

– Imaging Modalities

Ultrasound, liver elastography, fibroscan, CT scan, and MRI are just a few of the imaging modalities that may be used to get insight into the liver’s inner workings. The structural health of the liver may be evaluated without causing any discomfort to the patient using these non-invasive techniques.

– Liver Biopsy

A liver biopsy may confirm a diagnosis and gauge the severity of any liver damage. The state of the liver may be definitively ascertained by acquiring a tissue sample for microscopic investigation by this method. There are two different types of techniques used for liver biopsy: 

Percutaneous Transhepatic Liver Biopsy: This method is used to obtain the sample of tissue for diagnosis by putting a needle into the liver. The percutaneous transhepatic liver biopsy is used to assess the condition of the liver. 

Transjugular Liver Biopsy: This is an alternative technique wherein the doctor inserts a catheter through the vein of the neck and guides it to the liver in order to obtain the sample of tissue. The method is basically applied when the chances of risk in percutaneous biopsy are higher because of either a medical condition or any bleeding disorder. 

5: Lifestyle Changes and Management:

Just picture yourself making certain changes to your routine to help your liver lose weight. We’ll show you how to put our advice into practice in a number of steps.

  • Find out why a change in lifestyle is so crucial for dealing with an overweight liver. Investigate the benefits of a balanced diet, regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Eating Right is the alchemy of a healthy diet. We will show you how to value nutritious food and choose the best options for your diet.
  • Get your body moving; it’s time to start working out. Discover the positive health and mood effects of regular exercise.
  • Cheers to Good Health! We’ll talk about the positive effects on your liver of cutting down on alcohol or giving it up altogether for those who regularly partake in alcoholic beverages, with an emphasis on those who suffer from alcoholic liver disease.

6: Medical Treatments and Interventions:

– Medications: 

Medication is one option that doctors have for managing fatty liver disease. These drugs may include antioxidants, insulin sensitizers, and lipid-lowering medicines. They each take a somewhat different approach to addressing the root causes of fatty liver.

– MASH-Specific Therapies: 

MASH-specific medicines, a new treatment for fatty liver disease may be used to treat Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis, the most severe type of fatty liver. Some of these may be experimental drugs with the potential to improve liver health by decreasing inflammation.


As we draw to a conclusion, it may be helpful to briefly recap some of the key themes we’ve covered. Fatty liver may be managed with early treatment and dietary and lifestyle changes. Do not put off seeing a doctor if you think you may have fatty liver disease or are at risk for acquiring it. Your health is really important, therefore it’s crucial that you take charge of it. You have gained the understanding required to successfully deal with fatty liver. The first step toward better liver health is here.