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Home  /   Blog   /  Understanding the Link Between Varicocele and Fertility: Treatment Solutions Explored

Understanding the Link Between Varicocele and Fertility: Treatment Solutions Explored

Millions of men worldwide suffer from varicocele, a disorder marked by enlarged veins in the scrotum. It is frequently linked to male infertility. Many research studies found that almost 15% of the total male population is impacted by this medical condition and about 40% of this is suffering from infertility. As per these research studies, the majority of men who suffer from varicocele are not infertile.  However, the debate on whether the varicocele causes infertility or not is still on. To know the truth, we will look into  the relationship between varicocele and fertility in this blog. Today, we are going over its causes, signs, and available treatments to assist people in dealing with this prevalent issue.

Understanding Varicocele and its Impact on Fertility

To begin with, we would analyse the varicocele issue and how it impacts the reproductive health of a person. Varicocele is a condition in which the veins inside the scrotum expand or swell, harming blood flow and raising the temperature in the testicles. This impaired blood flow and increased temperature affect the generation and quality of sperm, which would ultimately reduce male fertility. Varicocele is a condition that can affect anybody at any age, however, it is most frequently seen in young men, particularly in the 15–25 age range.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

In most varicocele cases, clear symptoms are not usually visible. It can only be discovered during authoritative medical examinations or fertility assessments. On the other hand, some people could develop clear symptoms. These symptoms could include soreness in the scrotal or any kind of discomfort, swelling, or a clearly swollen vein. In cases where symptoms are not visible, healthcare professionals may use various assessments like ultrasound examinations, physical examinations, or other diagnostic procedures to assess the condition. It also helps in the severity of varicocele and how it affects fertility in order to make a diagnosis.

Treatment Options

Fortunately, medical science has developed many treatment alternatives for varicocele conditions. The main motive of such treatment is to improve testicular blood flow and restore fertility. The options for varicocele treatment include Varicocele Repair Surgery, Percutaneous Embolization, and lifestyle change. 

Varicocele Repair Surgery

Under this treatment, healthcare professionals perform surgical operations on enlarged veins and ligate them to enhance blood flow and lower scrotal temperature. This treatment is sometimes referred to as varicocelectomy. Although varicocelectomy is the usual treatment option for infertility associated with varicocele. However, it may not always be required, especially for those with minor symptoms or limited effects on fertility.

Percutaneous Embolization

Another treatment option for varicocele veins is percutaneous embolization. This is a minimally invasive treatment. Throughout the treatment, a catheter is inserted into the afflicted vein during this painless surgery. Further, coils or other embolic agents are used to block the vein. This is the most optimum choice for those patients who have recurrent varicocele and do not want to opt for surgical options. If you are one of those who would prefer a less intrusive course of therapy, percutaneous embolization is highly recommended.

Healthy Lifestyle 

Apart from the surgery and embolization, another piece of advice that healthcare professionals give is changing some aspects of one’s lifestyle. It can help control varicocele and increase fertility along with medical therapies. Under this alternative, you can include aspects like avoiding sitting or standing for too long, maintaining a healthy weight, and giving up nicotine and excessive alcohol intake to maintain health.


Thus, it can be said that male fertility can be significantly impacted by varicocele. However, this is not incurable. Many studies have found that many people can overcome infertility barriers. By following the right treatment, early diagnosis and lifestyle changes, one can achieve great outcomes. People can take prescient measures to address varicocele and prevent infertility. Better results can be achieved by learning how this issue affects fertility and examining possible treatment options. But issues are not the same for everyone so a person should get personalised advice. They should seek diagnosis and management advice as per their symptoms. You can speak with a healthcare professional or fertility expert if you think you might have varicocele or are facing issues related to reproductive organs.

If you live in Rajasthan and are seeking a reliable healthcare consultant and professional then Flowcare Diagnostics & Intervention is the right place for you. Here you will get professional advice from Rajasthan’s most experienced and qualified interventional radiologist with the experience of 11 years.